• References

    BPH. National Kidney Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse
    website. Available at:
    Updated March 23, 2012. Accessed August 22, 2013.

    BPH. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:
    . Updated July 25, 2013. Accessed August 22, 2013.

    Leocádio DE, Frenkl TL, Stein BS. Office based transurethral needle ablation of the prostate with analgesia and local anesthesia.
    J Urol. 2007 Nov;178(5):2052-4; discussion 2054.

    Lynch M, Anson K. Time to rebrand transurethral resection of the prostate?
    Curr Opin Urol. 2006;16:20-4.

    Michielsen DP, Debacker T, De Boe V, Van Lersberghe C, Kaufman L, Braeckman JG, et al. Bipolar transurethral resection in saline—an alternative surgical treatment for bladder outlet obstruction?
    J Urol. 2007 Nov;178(5):2035-9; discussion 2039.

    Nakagawa T, Toguri AG. Early catheter removal following transurethral prostatectomy: a study of 431 patients.
    Med Princ Pract. 2006;15(2):126-30.

    Medical management of BPH. American Urological Association Foundation website. Available at:
    . Updated April 2013. Accessed August 22, 2013.

    Tan A, Liao C, Mo Z, Cao Y. Meta-analysis of holmium laser enucleation versus transurethral resection of the prostate for symptomatic prostatic obstruction.
    Br J Surg. 2007 Oct;94(10):1201-8.

    Wendt-Nordahl G, Bucher B, Hacker A, Knoll T, Alken P, Michel MS. Improvement in mortality and morbidity in transurethral resection of the prostate over 17 years in a single center.
    J Endourol.
    2007 Sep;21(9):1081-7.

  • Resources

    American Cancer Society

    National Cancer Institute

  • Canadian Resources

    The Prostate Centre at The Princess Margaret