Transurethral Resection of the Prostate

Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a surgery to remove part of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. It makes and stores a milky fluid that forms part of semen. The prostate is below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It also wraps around a tube called the urethra. The urethra allows urine to flow out of the body.

  • Call Your Doctor

    After you leave the hospital, call your doctor if any of the following occur:

    • Difficulty or inability to urinate
    • Pain, burning, urgency or frequency of urination, or persistent blood in the urine—This may be normal during the first few days. If the symptoms persist or are getting worse, contact your doctor.
    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Pain that you cannot control with the medications you have been given
    • Nausea and/or vomiting that you cannot control with the medications you were given after surgery, or which persist for more than two days after discharge from the hospital
    • Impotence for longer than three months after surgery

    In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition

    Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a surgery to remove part of the prostate gland.

    The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. It makes and stores a milky fluid that forms part of semen. The prostate is below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It also wraps around a tube called the urethra. The urethra allows urine to flow out of the body.

  • What to Expect


    TURP surgery requires
    general
    or
    spinal anesthesia
    . You will sleep through the surgery with general anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia will make your lower body numb, but you may be awake.

    Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
    Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • Reasons for Procedure


    A TURP is done when a man has an enlarged, noncancerous prostate. This is called
    benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
    . In BPH, the prostate grows and presses against the urethra and bladder. The pressure can cause problems with the normal flow of urine.
    A TURP is done to improve the flow of urine.

    A TURP may also be done when a man has prostate cancer. It may be done if the doctor thinks that a complete prostate removal surgery is too risky. In this case, TURP is also done to relieve urine blockage and lessen symptoms. It is not done to treat the cancer itself.

  • Possible Complications

    Some factors that may increase the risk of complications include:

    • Obesity
    • Smoking
      or
      alcohol abuse
    • Use of some prescription and nonprescription drugs
    • Malnutrition
    • Recent or chronic illness
    • Diabetes