Hysterectomy -- Laparoscopic Surgery

Hysterectomy is the surgical term for the removal of the uterus (womb). This results in the inability to become pregnant. There are different types of surgeries, such as:

  • Call Your Doctor

    After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:

    • Signs of infection, including fever and chills
    • Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, leakage, or any discharge from the incision sites
    • Nausea and/or vomiting
    • Lightheadedness
    • Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
    • Heavy bleeding
    • Pain that you cannot control with the medications you have been given
    • Pain, burning, urgency or frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
    • Swelling, redness, or pain in your leg

    In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.

  • Definition

    Hysterectomy is the surgical term for the removal of the uterus (womb). This results in the inability to become pregnant.

    There are different types of surgeries, such as:

    • Supracervical hysterectomy—removal of the uterus only
    • Total hysterectomy—removal of the uterus and cervix (the opening of the uterus leading to the vagina)
    • Radical hysterectomy—removal of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, upper part of the vagina, and the pelvic lymph nodes
    • Salpingo-oophorectomy
      —removal of the ovaries and fallopian tubes (may be combined with any of the above procedures)

  • What to Expect

  • Reasons for Procedure

    You may have a hysterectomy if your uterus is causing health problems that cannot be treated by other means. Some reasons a woman may have a hysterectomy are to:


    • Treat cancers such as
      uterine
      , endometrial,
      and ovarian
      cancers

    • Remove
      uterine fibroids
    • Treat chronic pelvic pain
    • Treat heavy bleeding

    Explore your options before having a hysterectomy. There are other treatments for many of these problems.

  • Possible Complications

    If you are planning to have hysterectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:

    • Reactions to anesthesia
    • Pain
    • Infection
    • Bleeding
    • Fatigue
    • Injured pelvic organs—bowel and/or bladder
    • Urinary incontinence—problems controlling your urine

    • Loss of ovarian function and early
      menopause
    • Depression
    • Sexual dysfunction

    Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:

    • Smoking
    • Drinking
    • Chronic disease such as diabetes or obesity

    The following may also increase the risk of complications:

    • Diabetes
    • Previous pelvic surgery or serious infection
    • Use of certain medications