• References

    Aboumarzouk OM, Drewa T, et al. Laparoscopic radical cystectomy: A 5-year review of a single institute's operative data and complications and a systematic review of the literature.
    Int Braz J Urol. 201238(3):330-340.

    Bladder cancer facts. AP John Institute for Cancer Research website. Available at: Accessed May 29, 2014.

    Cystectomy information binder. Johns Hopkins Medicine website. Available at: Accessed May 29, 2014.

    Liss MA, Kader AK.

    Robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy: history, techniques and outcomes.
    World J Urol. 2013;31(3):489-497.

    Maffezzini M, Campodonico F, et al. Current perioperative management of radical cystectomy with intestinal urinary reconstruction for muscle-invasive bladder cancer and reduction of the incidence of postoperative ileus.
    Surg Oncol. 2008;17(1):41-48.

  • Resources

    National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse

    Urology Care Foundation

  • Canadian Resources

    Canadian Urological Association

    Public Health Agency of Canada