Bone Marrow Biopsy
A bone marrow biopsy is the removal of a sample of bone marrow for testing. The procedure is most often done on the pelvic bone. It may also be done on the sternum.
Call Your Doctor
After you are home, contact your doctor if any of the following occur:
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or any discharge from the biopsy site
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Cough, shortness of breath, or chest pain
- Joint pain, fatigue, stiffness, rash, or other new symptoms
In case of an emergency, call for medical help right away.
A bone marrow
is the removal of a sample of bone marrow for testing. The procedure is most often done on the pelvic bone. It may also be done on the sternum.
Bone Marrow Biopsy Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
What to Expect
Reasons for Procedure
A bone marrow biopsy may be done to:
low red blood cell count (
), low white blood cell count (leucopenia), or low platelet count (thrombocytopenia)
Diagnose and stage
or solid tumors
Diagnose, monitor, and evaluate
- Evaluate iron level problems
- Evaluate for causes of unexplained spleen enlargement—splenomegaly
- Evaluate other blood disorders or diseases that may affect the bone marrow
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have this procedure, your doctor will review a list of possible complications which may include:
Some risk factors for complications during this procedure include:
- Bleeding disorders
- Infection of the skin at the biopsy site
- Infection in the bloodstream
to the biopsy site