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Dysplasia is not cancer, but abnormal cells on the surface lining of your cervix, vulva or vagina. The cells may become cancerous and affect fertility, so we may need to remove them.

Precancerous Diseases (Dysplasia)

Dysplasia is when cells look abnormal under a microscope but are not cancer. Common types of dysplasia are cervical dysplasia, vaginal and vulvar dysplasia. Dysplasia may be caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and have been linked with cancers of the cervix and vulva.

Our gynecologic oncologists will determine the severity of your dysplasia by examining the location and size of the abnormal cells. Dysplasia may or may not become a cancer.