Osteosarcoma -- Child

Osteosarcoma is a common form of bone cancer. This cancer usually begins in cells called osteoblasts, which make bones. This type of cancer can spread to other parts of the body.

  • Causes

    The cause is not known. There may be a genetic link.

  • Definition

    Osteosarcoma is a common form of bone cancer. This cancer usually begins in cells called osteoblasts, which make bones. This type of cancer can spread to other parts of the body.

  • Diagnosis

    The doctor will ask about your child’s symptoms and do a medical history. A physical exam will also be done. Tests may include:

    • Blood tests
    • X-ray
      —a test that uses radiation to take a picture of bones
    • Bone scan
      —a test that looks for bone tumors
    • CT scan
      —a type of x-ray that uses a computer to make pictures of bones
    • MRI scan
      —a test that uses magnetic waves to make pictures of bones
    • Biopsy
      —removal of a sample of bone tissue to test for cancer cells

  • Prevention

    There is no known way to prevent this type of bone cancer.

  • Risk Factors

    Risk factors include:

    • Gender: teen boys (may affect them during their growth spurt)

    • Genetic conditions (eg,
      retinoblastoma
      , Li-Fraumeni syndrome)

    • History of
      radiation therapy

  • Symptoms

    Symptoms may include:

    • Swelling or a lump at the location of the tumor (usually affects longer bones)
    • Pain at the tumor location
    • Difficulty moving the affected limb
    • Limping
    • Deep bone pain severe enough to wake up your child
    • Bone fractures
      (rarely)

    If your child has any of these symptoms, talk to the doctor right away.

  • Treatment

    Once cancer is found, the doctor will do staging tests to find out if the cancer has spread. Treatment depends on the stage and location of the cancer. Talk with the doctor and healthcare team about the best treatment plan for your child. Options include: