Dysplasia is abnormal growth or development of cells. Cervical dysplasia happens in the cells covering the surface of a woman's cervix. If cervical dysplasia is not treated, it may lead to cervical cancer .
Cervical dysplasia is caused by a sexually transmitted virus. The virus is called the
This virus causes abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix. The most significant cervical change would be cancer.
There are different types of HPV. The risk of cervical disease may be high or low depending on the type of HPV.
Dysplasia is abnormal growth or development of cells. Cervical dysplasia happens in the cells covering the surface of a woman's cervix. If cervical dysplasia is not treated, it may lead to
Female Reproductive Organs Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.
Procedures to detect cervical dysplasia include the following:
Factors that increase your risk of cervical dysplasia include:
- Multiple sexual partners
- Early onset of sexual activity (before age 18)
- Early childbearing (before age 16)
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- Genital herpes
(in the womb)—an estrogen-like substance given to prevent
in high-risk pregnancies
There are often no apparent symptoms with cervical dysplasia. Cervical changes are found through screening tests.
Treatment depends on the severity of dysplasia, location, and size of the area of abnormal cells. Some cervical changes do not need treatment. They may be followed by periodic Pap tests to monitor for any further changes. Some types of dysplasia may disappear on its own. If dysplasia does not resolve on its own, these treatments options are available: