Cervical Dysplasia

Dysplasia is abnormal growth or development of cells. Cervical dysplasia happens in the cells covering the surface of a woman's cervix. If cervical dysplasia is not treated, it may lead to cervical cancer .

  • Causes


    Cervical dysplasia is caused by a sexually transmitted virus. The virus is called the
    human papillomavirus
    (HPV).
    This virus causes abnormal changes in the cells of the cervix. The most significant cervical change would be cancer.

    There are different types of HPV. The risk of cervical disease may be high or low depending on the type of HPV.

  • Definition


    Dysplasia is abnormal growth or development of cells. Cervical dysplasia happens in the cells covering the surface of a woman's cervix. If cervical dysplasia is not treated, it may lead to
    cervical cancer
    .

    Female Reproductive Organs
    IMAGE
    Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

  • Diagnosis

    Procedures to detect cervical dysplasia include the following:

  • Prevention

  • Risk Factors

    Factors that increase your risk of cervical dysplasia include:

    • Multiple sexual partners
    • Early onset of sexual activity (before age 18)
    • Early childbearing (before age 16)
    • Smoking
    • Sexually transmitted diseases
    • Genital herpes
    • HIV

    • Exposure to
      diethylstilbestrol
      (DES)
      in utero
      (in the womb)—an estrogen-like substance given to prevent
      miscarriages
      in high-risk pregnancies

  • Symptoms

    There are often no apparent symptoms with cervical dysplasia. Cervical changes are found through screening tests.

  • Treatment

    Treatment depends on the severity of dysplasia, location, and size of the area of abnormal cells. Some cervical changes do not need treatment. They may be followed by periodic Pap tests to monitor for any further changes. Some types of dysplasia may disappear on its own. If dysplasia does not resolve on its own, these treatments options are available: