What is Head and Neck Cancer?

The head and neck are a diverse region of the body that include the larynx, trachea, oral cavity, tongue, pharynx (throat), nasopharynx, salivary glands and thyroid. Tumors that develop in these areas are normally squamous cell carcinomas, which begin as cancerous growths in the squamous cells that make up most of the respiratory and digestive tracts. If detected early, head and neck cancer often may be treated successfully. These cancers may be particularly difficult for patients because they may impact speech and sight and cause disfigurement. Swallowing and the sense of smell also may be impacted.

Between three and five percent of cancers in the U.S. are head and neck cancers and are usually found more frequently in people older than 50. They are twice as common in men as in women.

Cancers We Treat

Endocrine

At UF Health Cancer Center – Orlando Health, we treat both benign and malignant endocrine tumors.

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Nasal and Sinonasal Cavities

Several types of cancer may grow in the nasal and sinonasal cavities.

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Oral Cavity

Our oncologists will develop an individualized treatment plan based on the site and stage of your oral cancer and your overall health.

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Salivary Gland

Our specialized, multidisciplinary oncology team will develop a personalized plan to remove your tumor, whether it’s in the parotid, sublingual or submandibular glands.

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Skin

Skin cancers fall into two categories – melanoma or non-melanoma.

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Skull Base

The base of the skull lies behind the eyes and nose. Usually tumors in this area grow inside the skull, however sometimes they do grow outside.

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Throat

Throat cancer can occur in the larynx, pharynx, tonsils or lymph nodes. After a diagnosis, our multidisciplinary oncology team will develop a treatment plan that works best for your care.

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